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Development, Architecture, and the Formation of Heritage in Late Twentieth-Century IranA Vital Past$
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Ali Mozaffari and Nigel Westbrook

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781526150158

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7765/9781526150165

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 25 July 2021

Conclusion: Design as the mediator of development and heritage

Conclusion: Design as the mediator of development and heritage

Chapter:
(p.223) Conclusion: Design as the mediator of development and heritage
Source:
Development, Architecture, and the Formation of Heritage in Late Twentieth-Century Iran
Author(s):

Ali Mozaffari

Nigel Westbrook

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7765/9781526150165.00015

In this chapter, the various strands of discussion within the book converge. Revisiting the development–heritage–design nexus, the chapter expands on the idea of development as an ‘engaged universal’ following Anna Tsing. It comments on how development, as a process of historical change, was entangled globally while responding to and creating local specificities. It also elaborates on the meaning and formation of heritage as a corollary of this process, and the mediating role of architecture. The examples in the book suggest a curious scalar dynamic between design, heritage, and development, which is examined in this chapter. The chapter reinforces the driving arguments of the book including the fact that like any other form of cultural production, architectural production in Iran has been at once a local and global endeavour. The examples in the book have shown how and under which circumstances heritage is produced, at least in its architectural manifestation. As such, interpretations of architectural production between the 1970s and 1990s in Iran that are couched in terms of resistance, or the in-between, fall short of explaining the larger processes at work.

Keywords:   heritage, development, ideology, nostalgia, tradition, engaged universal, scalarity, design

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