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Early modern war narratives and the Revolt in the Low Countries$
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Raymond Fagel, Leonor Álvarez Francés, and Beatriz Santiago Belmonte

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781526140869

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7765/9781526140876

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The fabrication of Francisco de Valdés: episodic narratives in Spanish and Dutch chronicles on the siege of Leiden (1573–74)

The fabrication of Francisco de Valdés: episodic narratives in Spanish and Dutch chronicles on the siege of Leiden (1573–74)

Chapter:
(p.36) 2 The fabrication of Francisco de Valdés: episodic narratives in Spanish and Dutch chronicles on the siege of Leiden (1573–74)
Source:
Early modern war narratives and the Revolt in the Low Countries
Author(s):

Leonor Álvarez Francés

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7765/9781526140876.00009

This chapter explores how chronicles written in Spanish and Dutch portrayed loyalist commander Francisco de Valdés in his role of military leader during the Siege of Leiden (1573–74). Spanish and Dutch chronicles illustrate how the main characters of the story were fabricated in order to support the underlying perceptions of the chroniclers. Remarkably enough, differences are not so much between Spanish and Dutch narratives, but depend on the overall vision the chroniclers wish to offer. Valdés and his men are shown in a negative way by Dutch historians who want to emphasize the positive qualities of the Leiden defenders, while those that do not stress local unity do not show such a negative vision on the Spanish enemy either. The same holds true for Spanish authors. Those who wish to convey a very positive picture of the Spanish let their hero Valdés fight against a negatively described enemy, while a Spanish text more neutral on the enemy can even offer a negative image of the Spanish commander.

Keywords:   early modern chronicles, war narratives, Dutch Revolt, Spanish tercios, Habsburg Low Countries, Siege of Leiden, Francisco de Valdés

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