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Egypt of the Saite Pharaohs, 664-525 BC$
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Roger Forshaw

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781526140142

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.7765/9781526140159

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Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene

Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene

(p.1) 1 Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene
Egypt of the Saite Pharaohs, 664-525 BC

Roger Forshaw

Manchester University Press

The opening chapter sets the scene for Egypt of the Saite Pharaohs, 664-525 BC by considering the political turmoil, disunity and events in Egypt prior to the 26th Dynasty, the Saite Period. The invasions and settlements of western tribes (‘Libyans’) into Egypt was a factor in the origin and later rise to power of the Saite rulers. The process of how the ‘Libyan’ leaders from being merely local chiefs in a foreign country to eventually being independent rulers of mini-states in Northern Egypt is considered. In time one of these states, the Kingdom of the West, centred on Sais, developed and became the largest of these independent polities. Further expansion into the Delta and central Egypt was halted by the invasion of the Kushites from Nubia, the country to the south of Egypt, who already had some presence in the southern part of Egypt. The Kingdom of the West, although defeated was able to retain her original territory and her rulers later declared themselves kings and became known as the 24th Dynasty.

Keywords:   political turmoil, Libyans, Saite, Kushites, Nubia, 24th Dynasty

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