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UltrasThe Passion and Performance of Contemporary Football Fandom$
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Mark Doidge, Radoslaw Kossakowski, and Svenja Mintert

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781526127624

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7765/9781526127631

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Ultras and politics

Ultras and politics

Chapter:
(p.157) 7 Ultras and politics
Source:
Ultras
Author(s):

Mark Doidge

Radosław Kossakowski

Svenja Mintert

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7765/9781526127631.00011

Ultras grew out of a politically turbulent time in Italian history: the politics of the piazza were taken into the stadium. While some ultras groups retain some ideologically political outlooks, many consider themselves apolitical. Despite this, many still see themselves as nationalist, reflecting the normalcy of the nation-state. Often these descend into racism as groups assert the desired image of their club, nation or region. Few ultras groups follow explicitly ideological politics of left or right. Yet all groups are engaged in football politics and challenging the increased regulation, restriction and criminalisation of many of their activities. This is collected under the banner of ‘Against Modern Football’, which acts as a unifying element of the ultras style. Consequently, the ultras can be considered one of the largest social movements in the world.

Keywords:   ultras, social movements, politics, racism, Against Modern Football

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