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UltrasThe Passion and Performance of Contemporary Football Fandom$
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Mark Doidge, Radoslaw Kossakowski, and Svenja Mintert

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781526127624

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7765/9781526127631

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Violence and the world of the ultras

Violence and the world of the ultras

(p.133) 6 Violence and the world of the ultras

Mark Doidge

Radosław Kossakowski

Svenja Mintert

Manchester University Press

Football studies are replete with analyses of hooliganism. Yet ultras are distinct from hooligans. The ‘English style’ of hooliganism has influenced ultras through greater match attendance at international tournaments. Yet violent incidents are still relatively rare. Increasingly, violence is symbolic and displayed in the overtly masculine choreographies and chants of the ultras. The gendered dimension of ultras fandom remains dominant as masculinity underpins much of the symbolic violence in the ultras’ performance.

Keywords:   ultras, performance, masculinity, violence, hooliganism

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