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Spain in the Nineteenth CenturyNew Essays on Experiences of Culture and Society$
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Andrew Ginger and Geraldine Lawless

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526124746

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7765/9781526124753

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 12 June 2021

How to be religious under liberalism

How to be religious under liberalism

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 How to be religious under liberalism
Source:
Spain in the Nineteenth Century
Author(s):

Gregorio Alonso

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7765/9781526124753.00009

This chapter looks at how a number of religious figures negotiated the relationship between politics and religion in nineteenth-century Spain. It focuses on the role played by four representatives of the Catholic clergy who, for various reasons, attempted to make Christianity compatible with liberalism by devising alternatives to the Church’s official opposition to budding forms of political freedom. They were Joaquín Lorenzo Villanueva; Antonio de Aguayo; Fernando Castro y Pajares and José García Mora. Villanueva became a key figure in the Valencian group in the Cortes of Cadiz, where he made crucial contributions to parliamentary debates relating to religious and ecclesiastical issues. Castro’s primary objective was to advocate the introduction of religious tolerance into Spanish legislation. Castro accordingly criticized the Moderate government for upholding religious intolerance and depriving Spain of the beneficial effects derived from religious freedom.

Keywords:   Antonio de Aguayo, Fernando de Castro y Pajares, Joaquín Lorenzo Villanueva, José García Mora, nineteenth century, political freedom, religious issues, Spanish legislation

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