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German ExpressionismDer Blaue Reiter and its Legacies$
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Dorothy Price

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781526121622

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7765/9781526121639

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The ‘savages’ of Germany: a reassessment of the relationship between Der Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke

The ‘savages’ of Germany: a reassessment of the relationship between Der Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke

(p.75) 4 The ‘savages’ of Germany: a reassessment of the relationship between Der Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke
German Expressionism

Christian Weikop

Manchester University Press

This chapter examines the changing priorities of German gallerists, art critics and historians, concerning the significance of the first two manifestations of artistic expressionism, namely Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter circles, shifting alliances that would partly lead to their polarization in various monographs on the movement. The significance of art historian Lothar Buchheim, who attempted to define the distinctive character of these expressionist formations, while effectively contributing to this ‘polarization’ is discussed. In addition to considering issues of ‘reception’ from the inception of these avant-gardes through to post-1945 surveys when the phenomenon of expressionism was more closely investigated, this chapter reassesses the web of associations between these Berlin and Munich-based artists, connections and collaborations that have only been mentioned rather than fully discussed in the literature to date. A key aspect of this chapter is an analysis of the ties that link the self-styled leader of Die Brücke, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, with the driving force of Der Blaue Reiter, Wassily Kandinsky, as well as the critical importance of Franz Marc, who was the mediator between both circles. The author also considers the relationship of Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter in light of the aesthetics of Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche.

Keywords:   Expressionism, Die Brücke, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, Lothar Buchheim

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