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Anarchism, 1914-18Internationalism, Anti-Militarism and War$
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Ruth Kinna and Matthew Adams

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781784993412

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781784993412.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Mutualism in the trenches: anarchism, militarism and the lessons of the First World War

Mutualism in the trenches: anarchism, militarism and the lessons of the First World War

Chapter:
(p.243) 11 Mutualism in the trenches: anarchism, militarism and the lessons of the First World War
Source:
Anarchism, 1914-18
Author(s):

Matthew S. Adams

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781784993412.003.0012

This chapter examines the importance of the memory of the First World War to Herbert Read’s political thought, contextualising this process of memory formation through his interactions with two of the war’s leading literary figures: Richard Aldington and Erich Maria Remarque. Emphasising the importance of the post-war context in cultivating Read’s political reading of his experiences, it shows how the war continued to shape his political thought. Read’s experiences led to an abhorrence of violence and in turn a commitment to pacifism and gradualist tactics. Moreover, his time in the trenches led him to recognise the importance of ‘fidelity’ between members of a group in ensuring survival in times of extreme danger. Shorn of its militarist associations, this idea, Read argued, could helpfully bolster anarchist conceptions of organisation.

Keywords:   Herbert Read, Richard Aldington, pacifism, mutual aid, Memory, Peter Kropotkin, Militarism, Utopianism, Modernism

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