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Haunted PresentsEuropeans, Muslim Immigrants and the Onus of 
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Amikam Nachmani

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781784993078

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781784993078.001.0001

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European realities: aspects of the ‘triangular’ relations between Europeans, Muslims and Jews

European realities: aspects of the ‘triangular’ relations between Europeans, Muslims and Jews

Chapter:
(p.48) 2 European realities: aspects of the ‘triangular’ relations between Europeans, Muslims and Jews
Source:
Haunted Presents
Author(s):

Amikam Nachmani

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781784993078.003.0002

Gordon Allport, the founder of modern prejudice research, observed, “People who reject one out-group will tend to reject other out-groups.” In a country-by-country overview this chapter surveys the mutual views and practices of Europeans and Muslim immigrants and the relevance of Jewish European history in their encounters. In the Netherlands, where Muslims are 5.5 percent of the population and live in “Muslim ghettos,” Dutch liberalism and tolerance rankles Islamic conservative sensitivities. The Dutch minority government with the support of the far-right Party of Freedom (PVV) and its controversial leader Geert Wilders, who compares the Koran to Hitler’s Mein Kampf, has passed some of the toughest restrictions against immigrants in Europe, including a ban on the women’s burqa and dual citizenship. A “Pig Day” in Bologna, Italy, protested the planned construction of a mosque. In Sweden once anti-Semitic skinheads and racists moved on to targeting Muslims, while young Muslims torch synagogues and attack Jews in reaction to Israeli ME policies. The internet with its far-reaching potential to recruit new supporters to causes of all extremist persuasions and to spread hate propaganda has become a fast-growing EU-wide trend and favoured “free-for-all tool” for many individuals, groups and political parties.

Keywords:   Muslims in The Netherlands, Muslims in Sweden, Muslims in Italy, Theo van Gogh, Blasphemy laws, Internet

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