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Gas, Oil and the Irish StateUnderstanding the Dynamics and Conflicts of Hydrocarbon Management$
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Amanda Slevin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781784992743

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781784992743.001.0001

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Understanding the Irish state’s approach

Understanding the Irish state’s approach

(p.161) 9 Understanding the Irish state’s approach
Gas, Oil and the Irish State

Amanda Slevin

Manchester University Press

Nearly every country in the world has asserted ownership over the hydrocarbons within its territory (Easo, 2009) and Ireland is no different. Ireland's approach to resource management, however, is dissimilar to many other countries with outcomes that include the transfer of ownership and control of state resources to private interests and one of the lowest rates of government take in the world. The Irish model has also resulted in a prolonged conflict which has engulfed the lives of many people for over a decade. In line with Karl (1997), Dunning (2009), and Di John (2010) who emphasise the value of examining interactions between political institutions and the economy to understand how states manage their resources, and responding to questions raised in the preceding chapter, this chapter follows a critical political economy path to explain how and why the Irish state manages its hydrocarbons in the manner adopted. The nine key factors identified as shaping the Irish approach illustrate how the state's approach has been shaped by diverse and conflicting dynamics and moulded by micro, meso and macro level forces which intersect with specific ideological, political, economic and social influences to create a model of state resource management unique in comparison with other countries.

Keywords:   Irish state's path of development, Irish political economy, Class and ideological struggles, Global trends, State institutions and decision-making processes, Petroleum activities, Connections between the Irish state and oil industry, Flawed permissions systems, Paradoxical nature of a neoliberal state, Hegemony

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