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Gas, Oil and the Irish StateUnderstanding the Dynamics and Conflicts of Hydrocarbon Management$
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Amanda Slevin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781784992743

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781784992743.001.0001

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Norway and Ireland: too different to compare?

Norway and Ireland: too different to compare?

(p.130) 8 Norway and Ireland: too different to compare?
Gas, Oil and the Irish State

Amanda Slevin

Manchester University Press

Opening with a presentation of arguments against a comparison of the Norwegian and Irish approaches to hydrocarbon management, this chapter uncovers some of the discourses underpinning industry, political and state bureaucracy perspectives on the two models. It also reveals weaknesses in these standpoints and stresses the value of comparing both countries' approaches as a mechanism for developing a critique of the Irish model. The resultant appraisal begins with an overview of socio-economic and historical similarities between the two countries, progressing to a summation of the political, social, economic and ideological influences which have moulded the Norwegian model. While popular opinion often holds the Norwegian model as a perfect approach, this chapter also outlines the darker side of Norway's petroleum history. The author presents some partial explanations for divergences between Ireland and Norway, such as Ireland's distinct developmental path, power struggles between interest groups, establishing key questions which are answered in the following chapter. Using the conceptual and empirical political, economic, social, and ideological parameters identified through the review of Norway's model, the following chapter interrogate the factors shaping the Irish state's model of hydrocarbon management. Lessons from this case study are also reviewed in chapter eleven which outlines recommendations to improve the Irish model.

Keywords:   Similarities between Norway and Ireland, Drilling activities, Political, social, economy and ideological influences, Global occurrences, Interest groups, Statoil, Global Pension Fund, Norwegian Petroleum Directorate

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