At the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century the Fulbright Program celebrated sixty years in Australia. There had been changes, especially in the funding arrangements, but there were also several continuities.
Despite the recommendations of the 1976 Rose report that scholarships were preferably left open, they had in fact become far more targeted and there were many fewer available. The number of scholars going on exchange was significantly lower than in earlier decades. Postgraduates stayed for shorter periods to conduct specific research rather than enrol in lengthy PhDs. Indigenous scholars now had a specific award and the gender ratio of successful applicants had improved, so that between 1990 and 2009 women made up approximately 43 per cent of the total. It was even harder for humanities and social science scholars to compete against scientists and medical researchers. The AAFC board had increased in size, but was still disproportionately male, although it had increased the membership of women to three since the first woman was appointed in 1985. While two women had acted temporarily as executive directors at times of transition between appointments, Dr Tangerine Holt was the first woman to be formally appointed as executive director of the Commission, in 2011....
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