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Academic ambassadors, Pacific alliesAustralia, America and the Fulbright Program$
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Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781526128973

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.001.0001

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From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity

From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity

(p.168) 9 From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity
Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies

Alice Garner

Diane Kirkby

Manchester University Press

How did the Fulbright program evolve in relation to the challenge of racial diversity? For the first several decades of the Fulbright program Australia had a mass immigration program and a White Australia policy of racial exclusion. This influenced the fields of research in which Fulbright awards were made. Aboriginal Australians were the objects of research by visiting American scholars but did not themselves begin to win awards until the 1970s. In the mid-1960s many of those who were leading the call for change in immigration laws were Fulbright scholars. Australians travelling to the US on educational exchange observed racial segregation and some became politically active and influenced movements on behalf of Aboriginal people. The first recipient of the Distinguished Visitor Award under the Fulbright program was African-American historian John Hope Franklin. A special category of award for Aboriginal Australians was initiated in 1992.

Keywords:   Fulbright program, Educational exchange, White Australia immigration policy, African-American Fulbright awards, Aboriginal Australians in United States, Fulbright and race

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