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The 'desegregation' of English schoolsBussing, race and urban space, 1960s-80s$
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Olivier Esteves

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781526124852

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526124852.001.0001

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Taking the bullying by the horns: the emergence of resistance to bussing

Taking the bullying by the horns: the emergence of resistance to bussing

Chapter:
(p.143) 6 Taking the bullying by the horns: the emergence of resistance to bussing
Source:
The 'desegregation' of English schools
Author(s):

Olivier Esteves

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781526124852.003.0007

The 1970s saw a growing challenge of assimilationist policies at the root of dispersal. Despite that, the hurdles to an efficient movement against it were many: the necessity to make a living among Asian immigrants, difficult access to information about dispersal schools, the fact that immigrants faced a bureaucracy which was opaque to them, etc. The Race Relations Board as well as the Ealing Community Relations Council proved instrumental in generating a growing awareness of the problems around and of the discriminatory nature of dispersal. For many Asians, the struggle against dispersal was primarily about equality and the recognition of a common human dignity, as is attested in some testimonies of former militants. In this chapter, the Kogan Report (commissioned by the RRB) is also analysed in depth, as well as the way dispersal illustrated in its last years a form of Welfare roll-back, rather than a policy of immigrant assimilation.

Keywords:   Race Relations Board, Welfare roll-back, Bureaucracy, Immigrant low profile, Immigrant agency, 1970s, Racist violence and murders

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