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The 'desegregation' of English schoolsBussing, race and urban space, 1960s-80s$
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Olivier Esteves

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781526124852

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526124852.001.0001

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Improvisation in high places? Setting the national framework for bussing

Improvisation in high places? Setting the national framework for bussing

(p.47) 2 Improvisation in high places? Setting the national framework for bussing
The 'desegregation' of English schools

Olivier Esteves

Manchester University Press

Devised by a Conservative government, dispersal was finally introduced by a Labour government, under Harold Wilson (1964–70). This chapter analyses the national, broad framework to the introduction of dispersal, via White Papers, government publications and ministerial circulars. It investigates the various structural shortcomings to dispersal, such as the absence of a definition of ‘immigrant children’, the unscientific claim that when a schools had more than 30% immigrant children dispersal should be introduced, the difficulties involved in introducing ethnic statistics of immigrant children in schools, lastly the ministerial racial myopia which failed to anticipate the fact that Asian children would face racial bullying in white schools.

Keywords:   Ethnic statistics, Immigrant children, Ministerial racial myopia, Assimilationism, Bipartisan consensus on immigration, Bureaucratic and state simplifications, Welfare State

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