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African security in the twenty-first centuryChallenges and opportunities$
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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526122735

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 15 September 2019

The African response

The African response

Chapter:
(p.194) 9 The African response
Source:
African security in the twenty-first century
Author(s):

Stephen Emerson

Hussein Solomon

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0009

Paradoxically, as much as Africa’s current problems are often rooted in the past, the continent today finds itself squarely at the forefront of new security thinking. Although the international community historically has played a critical role in shaping the African security agenda, true security—and solutions—begins at home. The often misappropriated mantra of ‘African solutions for African problems’ has taken on real and significant meaning in recent years with the development and implementation of new national, sub-regional, and regional approaches to advancing peace and security. This chapter examines these approaches, past shortcomings of the modern African state and its limitations, and looks at ways the African Union, regional NGOs, and civil society are seeking to fashion a cooperative security culture for 21st century needs. Without doubt many obstacles and challenges still remain, but these efforts are already proving useful in recasting the continent’s security priorities and, moreover, in establishing a direction for future engagement by Africans and non-Africans alike.

Keywords:   African Union, Organization of African Unity (OAU), sub-regional communities (RECs), AU Peace and Security Council, African Standby Force (ASF), peacekeeping, NGOs and civil society, bottom up approach

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