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African security in the twenty-first centuryChallenges and opportunities$
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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526122735

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2019

Resource conflict and the environment

Resource conflict and the environment

Chapter:
(p.169) 8 Resource conflict and the environment
Source:
African security in the twenty-first century
Author(s):

Stephen Emerson

Hussein Solomon

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0008

Resource conflict and environmental degradation are in reality two-sides of the same security challenge coin. Both address the issue of natural resource abundance and scarcity and how societies deal with these challenges and their implications, but from vastly different perspectives. While the first addresses access and control over existing natural resources in terms of resource competition, the second addresses the environmental impact of declining or the misuse of resources. Regardless of the perspective, however, both present a serious threat to African peace and stability through their ability to generate and sustain violent conflict, fuel corruption or undermine governance. Moreover, some of these types of conflicts are the most difficult to resolve given the life or death nature of the stakes involved for individuals and entire communities.

Keywords:   resource competition, conflict minerals, warlords, “resource curse”, Michael Klare, climate change, water, Nile River, refugees, Liberia

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