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Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War ItalyLanguage, symbols and myths$
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Andrea Mariuzzo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526121875

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526121875.001.0001

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Religious and moral values

Religious and moral values

(p.30) 2 Religious and moral values
Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy

Andrea Mariuzzo

Manchester University Press

This chapter highlights the extent to which a radical and absolute struggle such as the Cold War opposition of Communists and anti-Communists involves the aspects of religious faith and moral values. The theological anti-Communism promoted by the Churches of Pius XI and Pius XII strongly influenced the perception of Communism in Italy. Communists were frequently seen as ‘godless’ sinners and immoral corruptors of the youth. Such common perception forced the Italian Communist Party to a reaction based on the claim of its full compliance to the inner spirit of the Christian message of charity and solidarity.

Keywords:   Catholic associations in Italy, Political Catholicism, Christian democracy in Italy, Anti-Communism, Anti-clericalism

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