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Building reputationsArchitecture and the artisan, 1750-1830$
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Conor Lucey

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526119940

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526119940.001.0001

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Designing houses: the façade and the architecture of street and square

Designing houses: the façade and the architecture of street and square

Chapter:
(p.75) 2 Designing houses: the façade and the architecture of street and square
Source:
Building reputations
Author(s):

Conor Lucey

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9781526119940.003.0003

This chapter builds on a rich and complex history of the eighteenth-century urban house in the cities of Britain, Ireland and North America. Shifting emphasis away from construction, economic competence and labour organization – the predominant focus of academic studies devoted to this class of building producer – it investigates the artisan’s engagement with the processes and aesthetics of architectural design. With prominence given to the design of the house façade, topics include the emerging standardization in building construction; building regulations and the varying degrees of control exercised by landowners and city councils; and the responsibility of design to the urban milieu, specifically the requisite (ideal) interface between private concern (house) and public obligation (street). With reference to artisanal education through apprenticeship and builders’ academies, and the role of pattern books and drawing portfolios, this chapter argues that building tradesmen were concerned as much with making design (architecture) as with making profits (building).

Keywords:   building regulations, design, education, facade, standardization

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