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Local antiquities, local identitiesArt, literature and antiquarianism in Europe, c. 1400–1700$
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Kathleen Christian and Bianca de Divitiis

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526117045

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526117045.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

A local Renaissance: Florentine Quattrocento palaces and all’antica styles1

A local Renaissance: Florentine Quattrocento palaces and all’antica styles1

(p.13) 1 A local Renaissance: Florentine Quattrocento palaces and all’antica styles1
Local antiquities, local identities

Richard Schofield

Manchester University Press

Florence is a city which demonstrates the power of Local Renaissance traditions and how they could delay the introduction of all’antica architecture. Authoritative medieval communal buildings, particularly the Palazzo Vecchio, established an architectural vocabulary which was appropriated for palaces, which, as a rule, were provided with massive rusticated ground-floors or, later, with rusticated corners running up their full height; the majority of Florentine palaces of the Quattrocento and Cinquecento are of this type and were notable for the absence of the orders. The resistance to the orders is remarkable since painters and sculptors had frequently represented buildings, usually biblical or antique, with orders on the façades: and the use on palaces of stucco decoration which represented the orders may have predated the only example of a palace façade decorated with three different orders, Alberti’s Palazzo Rucellai. The power of this tenacious tradition of palace façade- building is powerfully demonstrated by the fate of the Palazzo Rucellai, which, assessed in terms of its influence in Florence, was a failure; no architect copied it. Other examples of attempts to adjust, enrich or disrupt the local tradition of façade-building – particularly Palazzo Medici Riccardi and the Palazzo Bartolini Salimbeni - are discussed.

Keywords:   Italian Renaissance Architecture, Florence, Florentine palace architecture, Baptistery of Florence, Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Rucellai, Palazzo Bartolini Salimbeni, Italian Antiquarianism and Local History

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