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John of Salisbury and the medieval Roman renaissance$
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Irene O'Daly

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781526109491

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526109491.001.0001

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Nature and reason

Nature and reason

(p.67) 2 Nature and reason
John of Salisbury and the medieval Roman renaissance

Irene O'Daly

Manchester University Press

This chapter discusses the significance of the term natura in John’s works and the notion of ‘living in accordance with nature’ - a guideline borrowed from the works of Cicero. It compares John’s views to those of his contemporaries, illustrating how he transformed the Ciceronian trope into one that had direct application in a Christian context. It examines the role played by reason in this transformation, and looks particularly at the example of intention to illustrate how the interior character of the individual was the principal factor in determining the worth of an act.

Keywords:   Nature, Reason, Intention, Classical inheritance, Patristic sources

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