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Critical Theory and EpistemologyThe Politics of Modern Thought and Science$
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Anastasia Marinopoulou

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781526105370

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9781526105370.001.0001

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Phenomenology and hermeneutics

Phenomenology and hermeneutics

(p.18) 1 Phenomenology and hermeneutics
Critical Theory and Epistemology

Anastasia Marinopoulou

Manchester University Press

The aim of this chapter is to trace to what extent dialectics is an epistemological concern in Dilthey, Husserl, Simmel and Weber. Throughout the course of these thinkers’ work, it becomes clear that dialectics is not a concrete innovative element for the sciences but a peripheral method; Such concerns limit science to a. a deficit in normative theory and rational praxis, and, moreover, b. a lack of accountability criteria for science. The line of thought that begins with thinkers such as Dilthey, Husserl, Simmel and Weber, at the end of the nineteenth century and towards the beginning of the twentieth, extends to the ethnomethodology of the mid-twentieth century, and reveals itself as having had a major influence on Gadamer’s work on hermeneutics. The chapter traces the course of arguments that begin with Dilthey’s philosophy of a rigorous science, develop with Husserl’s phenomenology, Simmel’s and Weber’s interest in the scientific element within the social, and conclude with the ethnomethodological concerns on the everyday as a method of scientific advance.

Keywords:   Phenomenology, Husserl, Hermeneutics, Gadamer, Simmel, Weber, Ethnomethodology, Heidegger, Lifeworld, Habermas

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