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Britain and the Formation of the Gulf StatesEmbers of Empire$
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Shohei Sato

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780719099687

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719099687.001.0001

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The ‘secret’ agreement, July 1971

The ‘secret’ agreement, July 1971

(p.95) Chapter Five The ‘secret’ agreement, July 1971
Britain and the Formation of the Gulf States

Shohei Sato

Manchester University Press

This chapter looks into the final stage of the implementation of the British withdrawal. After Harold Wilson’s withdrawal announcement in January 1968 up until the first half of 1971, the negotiations remained fraught and contested. In Britain, the Conservatives took over government but did not help by attempting to reverse Labour’s plan. It was only after the British diplomats on the ground and the Gulf rulers made feasible compromises to come together very late in the day that the nine Protected States became independent in the form of three sovereign states: Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE. Investigation of some newly discovered sources reveals that a secret agreement, signed by Abu Dhabi and Dubai and then handed over to Britain, marked a crucial turning point in deciding the fate of the three states.

Keywords:   Julian Walker, Shaikh Zayid, Shaikh Rashid, ‘Secret’ Agreement, United Arab Emirates

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