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Human Remains and IdentificationMass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'$

Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719097560

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 05 August 2021

(p.vii) Illustrations

(p.vii) Illustrations

Human Remains and Identification
Manchester University Press

  1. 2.1 Shmuel Laksman overseeing the reburial of the Popowski and the Zadok families from Żelechów and three unidentified women in the Jewish cemetery in Żelechów, May 1947. From A. W. Jasny (ed.), Yizker-bukh fun der zhelikhover yidisher kehile; Sefer yizkor li-kehilat zhelihov (Chicago: Tsentrale zhelikhover landsmanshaft in Shikago, 1953), p. 322. 39

  2. 2.2 Survivors from Skierniewice surround the collective grave of the town’s Jewish victims and the monument erected in their memory during its unveiling in August 1947. From I. Perlow (ed.), Seyfer skernyevits: Lezeykher der fartilikter kehile kdushe (Tel Aviv: Irgun yoytsey skernyevits beyisroel mit der hilf fun skernyevitser landsmanshaft in nju-york, 1955), p. 664. 42

  3. 2.3 Speech by Simcha Mincberg to mark the reburial of victims from Wierzbnik and unveiling of the monument dedicated to their memory, 1945. From M. Schutzman (ed.), Sefer virzbnik-starakhovitz (Tel Aviv: Mif ’al ha-va’ad ha-tzibori shel yotz’ey virzbnik-starakhovitz ba-’aretz uve-tefutzot, 1974), p. 346. 43

  4. 2.4 Mordechai Braf of Otwock kneels beside the coffin of his sister Freydl-Masha in 1945 after he had exhumed her body from the mass grave in which nineteen members of his family had been buried (p.viii) helter-skelter after the Germans shot them. Mordechai Braf ’s own caption reads: ‘After prolonged digging a frightful picture revealed itself before our eyes. For what seemed like an eternity we stood in shock. The corpses of my sister Freydl-Masha (Frania), the wife of Shimon Friedman, who was present at the site, and their six children were completely intact – three years after they were murdered! It was as if they hadn’t yet made peace with their fate.’ From S. Kanc (ed.) Sefer zikaron ’otwotzk kartshev; Yizker-bukh tsu fareybikn dem ondenk fun di kheyruv-gevorene yidishe kehilos otvotsk karschev (Tel Aviv: ‘’Irgun yotz’ey ’otvotzk be-yisra’el’ bay der mithilf fun di otvotsker un kartshever landsmanshaftn in frankraykh, amerike un kanade, 1968), col. 973. 46

  5. 2.5 Ephraim Weichselfish (centre) and Y. Fasserstein (left) bear the coffin holding the ashes taken from Chełmno during the ceremony, presided over by Rabbi David Kahane (above right), to rebury them in Kutno, 1945. From D. Shtokfish (ed.), Sefer kutnah ve-hasevivah (Tel Aviv: ’Irgun yotz’ey kutnah ve-hasevivah be-yisra’el uve-hutz la-’aretz, 1968), p. 404. 47

  6. 2.6 Survivors from Kutno surround the monument unveiled in 1945, during the reburial of ashes from Chełmno, in memory of the town’s Jewish victims; Ephraim Weichselfish is visible in uniform to the far left. From D. Shtokfish (ed.), Sefer kutnah ve-hasevivah (Tel Aviv: ’Irgun yotz’ey kutnah ve-hasevivah be-yisra’el uve-hutz la-’aretz, 1968), p. 403. 48

  7. 3.1 KGB officers look on as a forensic expert examines human bones extracted from the Bykivnia mass graves. April 1971. Source: Tymon Kretschmer, with permission to publish from Mieczysław Góra, deputy chair of Polish government investigations at Bykivnia. The original is in an unpublished picture album dated April 1971 and called ‘Fotodokumenty mesta massovogo unichtozheniia liudei v period nemetsko-fashistskoi okkupatsii g. Kieva (19-i kvartal Dneprovskogo lisnichestva upravleniia zelenoi zony)’. 66

  8. (p.ix) 7.1 Mass burial at Branjevo farm: Donje Pilica area, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Courtesy of the ICTY. 150

  9. 10.1 Workers using rudimentary tools to excavate the mass grave at Parit Tinggi. Photo credit: Negeri Sembilan Chinese Assembly Hall. 228

  10. 10.2 Excavated remains from the Parit Tinggi mass grave are placed at a temporary tomb awaiting burial at Kuala Pilah Chinese Cemetery. Photo credit: Negeri Sembilan Chinese Assembly Hall. 228