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The Scots In Early Stuart IrelandUnion and separation in two kingdoms$
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Simon Egan and David Edwards

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719097218

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719097218.001.0001

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The Scottish response to the 1641 rebellion in Connacht

The Scottish response to the 1641 rebellion in Connacht

the case of Sir Frederick Hamilton1

(p.230) 8 The Scottish response to the 1641 rebellion in Connacht
The Scots In Early Stuart Ireland

Aoife Duignan

Manchester University Press

This essay examines the evidence behind the brutal reputation of Sir Frederick Hamilton. Drawing upon contemporary pamphlet literature, state papers and private correspondence, it suggests his methods owed as much to prevailing Irish and Scottish military practice as to continental influences. By investigating Hamilton’s pre-1641 Irish career it determines the circumstances that may have moved him to adopt a hard line with the Irish rebels. A scion of a leading Scottish Catholic family in Ireland, Hamilton embraced Protestantism, yet struggled to develop a career of his own under successive English Protestant administrations in Dublin. Awarded a sizeable plantation estate in Leitrim he experienced financial difficulties before departing on military service to Swedish in 1631. Upon returning, he fell out with government officers, but the slow response of servitors to the rebellion in autumn 1641 enabled him to assume the leading role in counter-insurgency measures in northern Connacht and west Ulster. His brutal methods provoked a major rebel backlash against English and Scottish settlers across the region. Though initially his endeavours earned him praise from Dublin, by 1643 his hopes of advancement to a senior command in Derry were frustrated, and he departed for Scotland.

Keywords:   Irish history, Scottish history, British history, Early Modern History, Atlantic World History, Three Kingdoms History, Ulster Plantation, Colonialism and colonisation

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