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Violence and the State$
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Matt Killingsworth, Matthew Sussex, and Jan Pakulski

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719097027

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719097027.001.0001

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State violence and the eliticide in Poland, 1935–49

State violence and the eliticide in Poland, 1935–49

(p.40) 2 State violence and the eliticide in Poland, 1935–49
Violence and the State

Jan Pakulski

Manchester University Press

 An eliticide or ‘national ‘decapitation’ – a systematic and deliberate targeting and mass extermination of a nation’s ‘ruling minority’– is a form of organised and state-perpetrated mass violence that, until recently, has been escaping the attention of historians and social scientists. Eliticides emerged in the 20th century as tools of social engineering and political conquest, primarily by Stalin and Hitler. The 1939-45 eliticide in Poland, conducted by the Nazi and Soviet invaders, not only weakened the resistance movement and undermined the social, political and moral order (thus opening the way for social pathologies), but also increased vulnerability to Soviet take over and fatally hindered the post-war social reconstruction of Poland. It resulted in the formation of a politically dependent and socially deracinated ‘quasi-elite’ with limited capacity for governing.

Keywords:   State violence, Genocide, elite extermination, World War II, Poland

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