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The Crisis of British ProtestantismChurch Power in the Puritan Revolution, 1638-44$
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Hunter Powell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719096341

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719096341.001.0001

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Prelude to a Debate

Prelude to a Debate

(p.16) Chapter 1 Prelude to a Debate
The Crisis of British Protestantism

Hunter Powell

Manchester University Press

This chapter explores the relationships and theological connections between the Apologists (congregational divines), the Smectymnuun (English Presbyterian) divines, Scottish divines, and the English revolution’s leading nobles. By examining their collective efforts at religious reform, we reassess how those relationships helped to bring down the prelacy and set the stage for the Westminster assembly. Here we will see an alliance built on common theological principles. We find that ecclesiological boundaries were not yet clearly defined, and those groups that would later argue for Presbyterianism in the assembly were far more congregational leaning during the early days of the revolution.

Keywords:   Jeremiah Burroughs, Smectymnuus, Root and Branch Reform, Revolution, Edmund Calamy, Petition for the Prelates Briefly Examined, Prelacy, Parliament, Presbyterianism, Congregationalism

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