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From reason to practice in bioethicsAn anthology dedicated to the works of John Harris$
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John Coggon, Sarah Chan, Soren Holme, and Thomasine Kushner

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719096235

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719096235.001.0001

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Moral epistemology and the survival lottery

Moral epistemology and the survival lottery

(p.64) 6 Moral epistemology and the survival lottery
From reason to practice in bioethics

Torbjörn Tännsjö

Manchester University Press

Thought experiments of the kind ingeniously construed by John Harris are excellent tools if we want to gain deep moral knowledge. We construct such examples so that they can function as crucial tests between different moral theories, yielding conflicting implications in the examples, and we make an inference to the best moral explanation of the content of our considered moral intuitions about the cases. This provides us with a justified belief in the theory providing the best explanation of the content of our intuitions.

Keywords:   Thought examples, Inference to the best explanation, Moral intuitions, Justified belief

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