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The Fourth EstateJournalism in Twentieth-Century Ireland$
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Mark O'Brien

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780719096136

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719096136.001.0001

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The impact of television

The impact of television

(p.111) 7 The impact of television
The Fourth Estate

Mark O'Brien

Manchester University Press

This chapter examines the impact that the arrival of television had on journalism. It argues that Section 18 of the Broadcasting Authority Act had a profound influence on the trajectory of journalism. This section required RTÉ to be ‘fair and impartial’ in its news and current affairs – a very different requirement to that which had previously informed journalism. This inevitably put pressure on other media outlets to distance themselves from their political allegiances and give journalists greater autonomy. The chapter examines how, in a decade of unprecedented social change, this new dynamic in journalism took root and looks at the clashes that erupted between journalists and institutions that had, up to then, had it all their own way.

Keywords:   Television, Impartiality, Free education, Irish Times, Catholic Church, Gaelic Athletic Association

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