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The Fourth EstateJournalism in Twentieth-Century Ireland$
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Mark O'Brien

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780719096136

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719096136.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 28 July 2021

Official Ireland

Official Ireland

Chapter:
(p.91) 6 Official Ireland
Source:
The Fourth Estate
Author(s):

Mark O'Brien

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719096136.003.0007

This chapter surveys the state of journalism prior to the 1960s. Long criticised for being stagnant and uncritical, journalism during this period was, more than anything else, a reflection of the influence of interest groups and the Catholic Church. But there were some positive developments also: the Irish News Agency provided a training ground for many future, influential, journalists and The Bell provided a rare outlet for critical journalism. Other issues were also pertinent: the lack of education, poor pay and conditions, the poor public perception of journalists, and the legacy of wartime censorship all shaped journalism during this period.

Keywords:   Catholic Church, Second World War, The Bell, Irish News Agency, Liberal ethic, Mother and Child

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