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Destruction and human remainsDisposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence$

Anstett Élisabeth and Dreyfus Jean-Marc

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719096020

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

(p.243) Index

(p.243) Index

Source:
Destruction and human remains
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
abductions 207, 214
Abdülhalik, Mustafa 97
Abrahamian, Ervand 187
Abuharar camps 104
Adenauer, Konrad 125–6
African National Congress 210
Agamben, Giorgio 9
agency of the dead body 214–15
Águila, Gabriela 149
Aleppo 98, 101
Algeria 8
Ambros, Otto 127
Amin, Idi 237
Andonian, Aram 100, 107
Angola 216–17
Ankut, Krikor 103–4
anthropological studies 4, 6, 233
anti-Semitism 131
Arakelian, Alphonse 93
Arendt, Hannah 1, 131
Argana Maden 92
Argentina 5–8, 146–67, 192–3, 218
Armenia 6–9, 89, 166
Arslanian, Dajad 100
Ashooq, Mohammad-Reza 190–1
Aumeier, Hans 52
Auschwitz 4, 7, 47, 49, 53, 56–7, 117–22, 127–30, 136–40
Avellaneda Cemetery 148
Azaz camp 99–100
Bab camp 100
Balakian, Krikoris 99, 101
‘bandit’ (use of term) 74–5
Bauman, Zygmunt 124, 129–30
beheading 21
Belzec 120–1
ben Gamliel, Shimon 119
ben Teradion, Hanina 119
Benjamin, Walter 197
Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von 99
Bigirumwami, Aloys 236
Bihać 29
biopower and biopolitics 7–8
Birkenau 4, 53, 117–22, 129–30
Black, Monica 80
blasphemy 192
book burnings 117, 126
Boričevac 23–4
Borrisow 69–70
Bosnia 6–7 see also Kulen Vakuf
Botswana 217
Brissel, Charles P. 100–1
Brod, Martin 25–6
Brotnja 20
(p.244) Buanja 211
Bubanj 20
Buchenwald 3
Buenos Aires city judicial morgue 158–62
burial practices 188, 192–3
‘burials with dignity’ 235
Burundi 237
Cambodia 3–4, 150
Caro, Juan 148–9
Catholicism 150–1, 164–5
Ceballos, Miguel Ángel 156
Chelmno 124
Chetniks 28–9
Chile 218
China 3–4
clandestine detention centres (CDCs) 152–7, 160–6
Coalition pour la Défense de la République (CDR) 228–9
collective burials 236
collective executions 187
Comisión Nacional sobre la Desaparición de Personas (CONADEP) 148–9, 153, 160
concealment of bodies 4, 8–9, 165–6
Confino, Alon 70
Congo, Democratic Republic of 237
‘Cradock Four’ 214
cremation, injunctions against 119–20 see also destruction of bodies
crematorium procedures 51–5, 58–9, 80, 121–4, 137–8
Crossland, Z. 215
cruelty, definition and analysis of 230, 234–6
Cultural Revolution 4
Dara 92
Davis, Leslie 91
death marches 92–3, 109
Decker, Rolf 123–4
de Lame, Danielle 233
‘demographic homogenization’ 96
destruction of bodies 3–8, 47, 59, 93, 95, 108, 119, 147–52, 163–6, 235 see also cremation, injunction against
Dilas, Petar 25–6
Dipsi camp 103
dismemberment 6, 22, 27, 32, 213, 232, 235
disposal of bodies 4, 7, 57–8, 78–80, 96, 121, 132, 158, 162, 204, 209–12
typology for 162–4 see also destruction of bodies
district surgeons in South Africa 210–11
Djemal, Ahmed 90, 94
Domanska, E. 215
Douglas, Mary 9, 80, 232
Durban 207
eastern Europe, German view of 70–2, 75, 78–81
Eichmann, Adolf 129
Endreß, Anton 52–3
entrapment 207–8, 212
Enver, Ismail 92
Equipo Argentino de Antropologia Forense (EAAF) 148–9, 166–7
Erfurter Mälzerei und Speicherbau 128
Esposito, Robert 8
ethnic cleansing 96
ethnicity, determination of 228–9
euphemisms for killing 74, 96, 231
exhibition of corpses 3, 6, 79, 209, 226, 235 see also public executions
exhumation 25, 215 see also return of corpses to families
extra-judicial killings 204–8, 212
Eyub, Selanikli 97
family relationships 231
Fátima massacre (1976) 148
fatwas 188
Faurisson, Robert 136
Ferziger, Adam S. 120
‘Final Solution’, the 124–5
The Final Solution (play) 132–4
(p.245) firing squads 191
Florstedt, Hermann 53–4
Foucault, Michel 7–8
Frisch, Max 131
fuel supplies 121, 138
funerary rituals 9, 189–90, 193, 235
furnaces for incineration of corpses 121–4, 128, 135
gas chambers 117–21, 125
gas vans 124–5
Geneva Convention 74
Genosys database 234
German engineering and industrial production 119
Germanic traits 70
Gilbert, Gustave 121
Globke, Hans Maria 126, 128
Gooya News 183
Gordillo, Gaston 215
Grabner, Maximilian 52
Graif, M. 101
Graziano, Frank 156
Gregorowicz, Julian 52
Guatemala 3
gulags 157
Gumz, Jonathan 74
Gupta, P. 211
Habimana, Kantano 229
Hakim, Cemil 97
Hamitic myth 226–7
handbooks issued to German soldiers 73
handling of bodies 5
hangings 77, 190–1
Heine, Heinrich 117
hell, images of 118
Hertz, Robert 192–3
Hilberg, Raul 124
Himmler, Heinrich 46, 73, 122
Hinton, A.L. 150
hit squads 217
Hitler, Adolf 71, 74
Hobsbawn, Eric 1
Hochhuth, Rolf 131
Hoffmann, Hermann 99, 105–6
Holocaust, the 3, 6–8, 117–19, 124–7, 135, 157
motivation for 131
Holocaust denial 135–8
Holstein, Walter 90
‘homelands’ in South Africa 215
Höss, Rudolf 52, 56, 121, 130, 139
Huseyin Bey 103
Hutu people 226–31, 236
Ibuka organization 234
ideology's role in mass killings 70, 165, 193, 226, 229–32, 236
imaginaire of destruction 149–52
immolation of victims 78–81, 117, 209
impaling 23
Indochina 8
indoctrination 149–51, 164–5
Inkatha 217
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) 233, 237
International People's Tribunal on the Abuse and Mass Killings of Political Prisoners in Iran 187
Iran 6–9, 183–97
Human Rights Documentation Center 187
Irving, David 135–9
Iskân-ı Aşâyirîn ve Muhâcirîn Müdîriyeti (IAMM) 96
Islahiye camp 98
Jackson, Jesse B. 97, 103
Jewish communities 119–20
Kabuye, Rose 229
Kahta 93–4
Kalati 23
Kaltenbrunner, Ernst 121
Kalyvas, Stathis 22
Kamenetzky, Cecilio 161
Kanamugire, Laurent 230
Kangura magazine 230–1
Katma camp 99
Kertész, Imre 135
Khavaran cemetery 195–7
Khosrokhavar, F. 189
Kibeho 232–3
killing, methods of 234–5
Klettner, Martin 131
Koch, Karl-Otto 50
Koevoet police unit 208
(p.246) Kori company 50, 55
Kranz, Tomasz 47–8
Kremer, Johann 130
Krnjeuša 22
Krntija, Marko Orešković 28
Krüger, Karen 228
Kulen Vakuf 16–33
Kut, Halil 92
Landau, Sonia 118, 127–30 see also Zywulski, Krystyna
Lanzmann, Claude 124
Laqueur, T. 211
Lesotho 207, 217
Leuchter, Fred 136–7
Liebenberg, John 208
Lipstadt, Deborah 135–6
Liulevicius, Vejas 70
local factors in atrocities 32–3
Lüdtke, Alf 48, 59
McCuen, J. J. 214
Mahmud, Türki 107
Majdanek camp 7, 46–53, 56–60
Malatia 94–5
Mamura camp 98
Manukian, Sarkis 93
Marat camp 105
mass graves 18, 22, 25, 27, 50–2, 77–80, 136, 162–3, 183, 192, 216, 236
Matijević, Miroslav 17, 21–3
Mattogno, Carlo 138
Mbembe, A. 217–18
Meskene camp 102–3
Mihigo, Kizito 232
mixed marriages and mixed families 230–1
Moll, Otto 56
Montazeri, Ayatollah 191
mortuary records 210
motivation for mass killings 131, 165, 212, 233
Mozambique 216–17
Muhsfeldt, Erich 48–60
Mujuwayo, Esther 228
Mulisch, Harry 128–30
Mulisch, Karl Victor 129
Musinga, King 229
Mutagwera, Frédéric 234
Mutwarasibo, Ernest 235
Nahoum-Grappe, Véronique 230
Namibia 206, 208, 216
Nandy, Ashis 218
Natal 209
necropolitics 212
Neumann, Robert 126–30
Nezavisna Država Hrvatska (NDH) 16–19, 22–4, 29
Niepage, Martin 101
Nyamata 235
Nyarubuye 233, 235
Oberländer, Theodor 126, 128
Odian, Yervant 97–8
Omanović, Halil 29
‘Operation 1005’ 7
Partisans: Bosnian 28–33
in eastern Europe 71–81
Patent Pending (play) 132–4
patent protection 122–31, 134–5, 138–40
Pena, Mario H. 159
Penguin Books 135–6
Perón, Isabel 146
Perón, Juan Domingo 152
Peronism 151–2
Piralian, Hélène 166
political violence 217
Polovina, Gojko 26, 31
Port Elizabeth 207
Posel, D. 211
Pretoria 207, 209
Prüfer, Kurt 138
public executions 77
punishment of killers 28
radicalization 27, 60
Radio Télévision Libre des Milles-collines (RTLM) 228–9
rape 23, 26, 101, 189, 237
Ras ul-Ayn camp 100–2
Red Army 73
Refif, Kerim 101
Reichspatentamt 119, 125, 134
religion see Catholicism
renaturalization of corpses 6
Reshid Bey 94
return of corpses to families 155–6, 161, 195–6 see also exhumation
(p.247) reuse of bodies 3–4
revenge killings 23–9, 33, 217
revolutionary tribunals in Iran 188, 191
Robben, Antonius 193
Rössler, Walter 90, 97–106
Roualdés, Robert 159
Ruibal, Eduardo 158
Russia and the Russian Civil War 3, 72
Rutaremara, Tito 234
Rutayisire, Paul 235
Rutazibwa, Privat 235
Rutembesa, Faustin 235
Sabić, Huso 29
Sabit Bey 94
Sacheri, Carlos 151
Sachs, Nelly 120
San Vicente cemetery 148–9
Sanders, Fritz 123–5, 135, 140
Santa Teresita 148
Sarrabayrouse, María José Oliveira 149, 158, 160
Schenkendorf, Max von 73
Schutzstaffel (SS) 47–9, 52, 57–60, 120–2, 127
Schwarz, Alice 129
‘second life’ of dead bodies 192
Seitz, Robert 48–53
Sémelin, Jacques 47, 59, 147
Semprun, Jorge 119
Sheddadiye 105
Shi'ism 189
shootings 47, 120, 190–1
Sidki, Mustafa 107
silence: culture of 30–3
economy of 185–6, 193–7
Sipka, Ranko 26
Six Day War 134–5
Snyder, T. 59
Sobibor 120–1
social Darwinism 108
sorting of corpses 9
South Africa 6–9, 204–19
State Security Council (SSC) 206
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) 205–9, 216–17
sovereignty 218
spirits of the deceased 236
Stalin, Joseph 72–3
Steiner, George 118
stripping of victims 230
Suárez Mason, Guillermo 159
‘subversion’ in Argentina 146–7, 150–7, 165–6
Şükrü, Muftizâde 96–7
Swaziland 207, 217
taboos 80–1, 211
Tauber, Henryk 137–9
Taylor, Christopher 233
Tillim, Guy 208
tombs, erection of 195–6
Topf, Ernst Wolfgang 128
Topf, Ludwig 135
Topf & Söhne (company) 8, 50, 53, 120–32, 139
Torabpour, Majid 183
Traverso, Enzo 7
Treblinka 4, 120–1
Tucumán 152–3
Tutsi people 226–32, 235–7
characteristics of 228–32
Uganda 237
Uruguay 5
Ustašas 16–29, 32–3
van Leer, Wim 128–34
van Pelt, Robert Jan 49, 53, 136–9
Vidal, Claudine 231
Volkskrieg concept 72
Vrba, Rudi 135
Vrotče 21
‘weaponization’ of the dead body 214
weapons, choice of 231–5
Wehrmacht Directive No. 21 72
Weissruthenia 74–81
Wieviorka, Annette 135
Young Turk regime 89–90, 94, 102, 107–9
(p.248) Zarei, Aziz 194
Zeki, Salih 105–7
‘Zero Zero’ operation (South Africa, 1985) 207–8, 213
Zeynel Bey 93
Zimbabwe 206, 217
Zor camp 104–8
Zündel, Ernst 136
Zurlinden, S. 92
Zywulski, Krystyna 118, 127–8 see also Landau, Sonia