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The ignorant bystander?Britain and the Rwandan genocide of 1994$
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Dean J. White

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780719095238

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719095238.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

History of the crisis

History of the crisis

(p.24) 1 History of the crisis
The ignorant bystander?

Dean J. White

Manchester University Press

In this chapter I explain the background to the crisis; from 1894 when Rwanda became a German colony to 1994 when the genocide began. The chapter explains how the European colonists created ethnic divides in Rwandan society that eventually triggered the genocide. It then goes on to briefly describe the course of the genocide and the subsequent refugee crisis. The chapter then ends with an analysis of how the USA, France and Belgium responded to the crisis. These were the three western countries with the closest ties to Rwanda and are generally held up for criticism for failing to act sooner and more robustly.

Keywords:   Rwanda, UNAMIR, President Habyarimana

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