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Schools and the Politics of Religion and Diversity in the Republic of IrelandSeparate But Equal?$
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Karin Fischer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780719091964

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719091964.001.0001

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Schools, ethos and inclusion

Schools, ethos and inclusion

Chapter:
7 Schools, ethos and inclusion
Source:
Schools and the Politics of Religion and Diversity in the Republic of Ireland
Author(s):

Karin Fischer

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719091964.003.0008

Drawing on the work of sociologists of education and law specialists, chapter 7 highlights forms of discrimination and inequality inherent to the denominational nature of the education system, despite the efforts made by many school heads and teachers to welcome children from different cultural and religious backgrounds, in line with the discourse of inclusiveness of most school patrons. The concept of school ethos has been used in the Irish context to legitimise the transmission of the particular sets of cultural and moral values of patrons in their respective schools, with problematic consequences in terms of respect for the freedom of conscience and religion of both adults and children in the school community, and it has helped perpetuate the segregated school system. The chapter engages with the question of the ethical and civic role of schools, the idea of transmitting specific communal moral codes being contrasted with that of nurturing children’s autonomy of thought (notably through philosophy) and a human rights-based morality within a pluralist, democratic society. The particular cases of the new Community National Schools and Educate Together schools with their democratic value-base are examined briefly, with a focus on the Educate Together organisation’s paradoxical outlook.

Keywords:   School ethos, Inclusion/inclusiveness, Equality, Discrimination, Democratic values, Freedom of conscience, Religious schools, Philosophy, Community schools, Educate Together schools

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