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Developing AfricaConcepts and practices in twentieth-century colonialism$
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Joseph M. Hodge, Gerald Hödl, and Martina Kopf

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719091803

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719091803.001.0001

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From precondition to goal of development: health and medicine in the planning and politics of British Tanganyika

From precondition to goal of development: health and medicine in the planning and politics of British Tanganyika

Chapter:
(p.207) Chapter Eight From precondition to goal of development: health and medicine in the planning and politics of British Tanganyika
Source:
Developing Africa
Author(s):

Walter Bruchhausen

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719091803.003.0009

This chapter examines the changing meanings, popular expectations, health policies and medical views connected to the term “development” in the health care of Tanganyika Territory. The idea that development means improvement or modernization of pre-existing local institutions whereas medicine demands a complete break with and replacement of previous services made health policy a special case. In addition, ideas of what development in health should be, differed largely between “native”, governmental and medical authorities, culminating in open conflict in the 1940s. Bruchhausen takes his point of departure from defining three concepts of causal relations between health and development in development policies after independence: 1. Health as a precondition for economic development 2. Health as a late result of economic development, and 3. Health as an explicit goal of development. The chapter traces the beginnings and earlier expressions of these different conceptual approaches from roughly 1920 to 1960.

Keywords:   Health policies, Health care, Colonial development, Tanzania / Tanganyika, German colonial government, British colonial government, Modernization

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