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Developing AfricaConcepts and practices in twentieth-century colonialism$
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Joseph M. Hodge, Gerald Hödl, and Martina Kopf

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719091803

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719091803.001.0001

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Epilogue: taking stock, looking ahead1

Epilogue: taking stock, looking ahead1

(p.367) Epilogue: taking stock, looking ahead1
Developing Africa

Joseph Hodge

Manchester University Press

The epilogue offers a reflective summation of the fourteen case studies in the collection, identifying a number of common patterns as well as differences among the contributions. It is clear that the concept of colonial development was not unitary or unchanging, either in design or implement and practice. It took on multiple meanings and forms in different colonial settings and at different moments in time. It was also appropriated and fused with indigenous meanings and associations. One is struck by the diversity of agents engaged in such efforts, from administrators and planners, to African political leaders and social movements, to business leaders, missionaries and scientists. As a result, colonial development was often contentious, contradictory and ambivalent. By comparing the use of development doctrines in different colonial contexts, it is also clear there were differences. The essays highlight a noticeable divergence in terms of historical trajectories between economic and rural development and those examining social development and welfare, with the latter having always been subordinated to the former, despite rhetorical inflections that might suggest otherwise. There are also distinctive patterns that emerge by comparing the cases of Portuguese colonial development policies and settler dominated territories such as colonial Zimbabwe. The epilogue ends by suggesting some possible directions for future research.

Keywords:   Colonial development, Economic development, Rural development, Social development and welfare, Comparative history of development

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