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Developing AfricaConcepts and practices in twentieth-century colonialism$
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Joseph M. Hodge, Gerald Hödl, and Martina Kopf

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719091803

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719091803.001.0001

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The notion of ‘développement’ in French colonial discourses: changes in discursive practices and their social implications1

The notion of ‘développement’ in French colonial discourses: changes in discursive practices and their social implications1

Chapter:
(p.322) Chapter Thirteen The notion of ‘développement’ in French colonial discourses: changes in discursive practices and their social implications1
Source:
Developing Africa
Author(s):

Françoise Dufour

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719091803.003.0014

The period between the end of the First World War and the independence of African nations around 1960 was marked by the passage from a colonial Discourse based on ‘progress of civilisation’ (‘progrès de la civilisation’) to a post-colonial Discourse based on ‘development’. This chapter explores the emergence of développement as an ideological notion on the basis of a corpus of French texts on colonial and post-colonial Africa. Taking a sociolinguist approach it traces how discursive practices changed in the period under scrutiny. The author analyses the reformulation of the “colonial discourse” becoming a “post-colonial” or “development” discourse, focusing specifically on the discursive shifts in the modes of representing African nations and peoples in their agency and their modes of action as “engines of social change”.

Keywords:   Interwar period, Colonial discourse, Development discourse, French colonial Africa, développement, Progress, Civilisation, Post-Colonial development discourse

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