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Transatlantic defianceThe militant Irish republican movement in America, 1923-45$
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Wilk Gavin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719091667

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719091667.001.0001

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The search for direction, 1923–6

The search for direction, 1923–6

(p.13) 2 The search for direction, 1923–6
Transatlantic defiance

Gavin Wilk

Manchester University Press

The militant Irish republican movement in America witnessed a difficult period from 1923 to 1926. Once the IRA failed in its efforts to debilitate the new Irish Free State through military action, the militant dimension of Irish republicanism became suddenly exposed. This chapter examines the state of the militant republican movement in the United States from the end of the Irish Civil War to a transatlantic agreement in 1926 that aligned the IRA and Clan na Gael. Attention is paid to the historical dynamics of the Clan including the leading role of Philadelphia republican Joseph McGarrity in the Clan, Éamon de Valera’s failure in uniting the political and militant Irish republican forces of Irish-America, and the burgeoning relationship between the IRA and the Clan na Gael.

Keywords:   Éamon de Valera, Irish Free State, Irish Civil War, Clan na Gael, Joseph McGarrity, Irish Republican Army, Irish-America, Philadelphia, military, transition

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