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Beyond the StateThe colonial medical service in British Africa$
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Anna Greenwood

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780719089671

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719089671.001.0001

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The government medical service and British missions in colonial Malawi, c. 1891–1940

The government medical service and British missions in colonial Malawi, c. 1891–1940

crucial collaboration, hidden conflicts

Chapter:
(p.39) Chapter Three The government medical service and British missions in colonial Malawi, c. 1891–1940
Source:
Beyond the State
Author(s):

Markku Hokkanen

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719089671.003.0003

This chapter deals with relations between the colonial medical service and major British missions in early colonial Malawi (c. 1891–1940). It focuses on the networks that connected missions with the medical service and co-operation between the two in information sharing, public health campaigns and the medical training of African staff. Then, the chapter analyses conflicts between missionaries and the colonial state, contests over authority and critiques of policy and practice. Co-operation between the British missions and the colonial medical service in Malawi was extensive and mutually beneficial, but there were also important areas of conflict and contestation. These clashes were kept mostly private, as both sides attempted to present a united front as medical collaborators. However, Western medicine in colonial Malawi was not monolithic or marked by simple dualism between state and missions. Medical practice, practitioners, knowledge and materials were constituted, transferred and connected in complex imperial networks that included Medical Officers, missionary physicians and various medical middles.

Keywords:   Malawi, missions, Colonial Medical Service, African medical education, public health, imperial networks

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