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Lordship in four realmsThe Lacy family, 11661241$
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Colin Veach

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719089374

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719089374.001.0001

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Divided allegiance: 1189–99

Divided allegiance: 1189–99

(p.77) 3 Divided allegiance: 1189–99
Lordship in four realms

Colin Veach

Manchester University Press

This chapter pieces together the early career of Hugh's son and heir, Walter de Lacy (†1241). Through an analysis of surviving royal and seigniorial charters, the testimony of contemporary English and Irish chroniclers, and a previously unnoticed letter by John, lord of Ireland (dominus Hiberniae), this chapter produces a revised account of Walter's entry into the Lacy inheritance in England, Ireland, Wales and Normandy. Walter initially received all of his inheritance in 1189, yet found his rights in Ireland ignored by John as soon as King Richard I (the Lionheart) left on Crusade in 1191. King Richard set things right upon his return in 1194, forcing John to make peace with Walter. This account has implications reaching far beyond Lacy family history, for it provides new insight into the constitutional position of colonial Ireland within the Plantagenet Empire. The chapter then illustrates the interconnectedness of the Anglo-Norman realm, as King Richard sequestrated both the English and Norman components of the Lacy inheritance for Walter's failure to pay a fine pertaining to Normandy. The fact that Walter's Irish lands remained untouched further highlights Ireland's separate political character under King Richard and John.

Keywords:   Richard I, Richard the Lionheart, King John, Lord of Ireland, Dominus Hiberniae, Plantagenet Empire, Anglo-Norman Realm, Colonial Ireland, Normandy, Lacy inheritance

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