Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880-1930Peace, progress and prestige$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Daniel Laqua

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719088834

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719088834.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

Church and State

Church and State

(p.80) 3 Church and State
The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880-1930

Daniel Laqua

Manchester University Press

The culture wars between Catholics and secularists were at once inter- and transnational: international, because they occurred in many different countries, and transnational, because both camps maintained connections across national borders. In Belgium, such conflicts manifested themselves in the ‘School Wars’ of 1879–84. During the subsequent decades, the relationship between state and church continued to be heavily contested. As a result, the country became a key site for two competing kinds of internationalism: one based on Catholic beliefs, the other underpinned by secular principles. The country was a major hub for political Catholicism and Catholic lay activism, yet it also hosted an international organisation of secularists, the International Freethought Federation. As a whole, this chapter analyses the conflict between Catholic and secularist internationalism. It discusses their respective associational guises, but also the ways in which they engaged with questions of science, nationhood and social justice.

Keywords:   culture wars, political Catholicism, Christian democracy, Vatican, secularism, freethinkers, science

Manchester Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.