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Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime$
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Ingi Iusmen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719088223

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719088223.001.0001

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Child protection in Romania and European Union accession

Child protection in Romania and European Union accession

(p.55) 3 Child protection in Romania and European Union accession
Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime

Ingi Iusmen

Manchester University Press

This chapter examines in great depth the transformation of the child protection sector, which was the most visible and highly politicised EU accession condition in relation to human rights agenda in Romania. All former communist countries had child protection systems that violated children’s rights. However, due to the role of EU policy entrepreneurs, the child protection in Romania saw the most substantial EU intervention ߝ in terms of the EU pressure and instruments to forge change ߝ compared to other former communist states. The Commission’s interventionist policy in child protection ߝ an area where it lacked any expertise and experience - led to the overhaul of the legislative and institutional framework of this policy sector. One of the key transformations supported by the Commission was the ban on inter-country adoption due to the breach of children’s rights and the corruption underlying this practice. Yet, the international adoption lobbies exerted significant pressure on the Commission demanding that Romania lifted the ban on international adoptions. Due to the EU’s transformative role, today Romania boasts one of the most advanced child rights systems among the former communist states.

Keywords:   Child protection, institutionalisation, international adoptions, UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

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