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Working men's bodiesWork camps in Britain, 1880-1940$
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John Field

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087684

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087684.001.0001

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Alternative living in the English countryside

Alternative living in the English countryside

Utopian colonies

(p.77) 4 Alternative living in the English countryside
Working men's bodies

John Field

Manchester University Press

Ideas of land settlement have a long historyin Britain. By the 1880s, a number of groups had developed proposals for alternative utopian colonies that would become the kernel of a new way of living. Ruskin's ideas had a lasting and direct influence, particularly through the small colony associated with his Guild of St George. In 1892, Herbert V Mills launched his small Christian socialist colony at Starnthwaite, near Kendal. It was followed by a series of utopian colonies, including those associated with Tolstoy and Kropotkin, as well as a later Women's Training Colony launched by supporters of the suffrage movement. Most of these ventures were under-capitalised, and suffered from interminable internal disputes, and failed to take root.

Keywords:   Anarchism, John Ruskin, Edward Carpenter, Christian socialism, Tolstoy, Kropotkin, Suffragettes, Feminism, Communitarianism

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