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Working men's bodiesWork camps in Britain, 1880-1940$
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John Field

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087684

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087684.001.0001

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Camps as social service and social movement

Camps as social service and social movement

(p.195) 9 Camps as social service and social movement
Working men's bodies

John Field

Manchester University Press

A wide variety of voluntary work camp systems developed in the interwar years. This chapter distnguished between those which provided a social service, including the main work camp systems organised by university students, and the pacifist International Voluntary Service camps; and camps organised in order to promote social change, including nationalist and environmentalist camps that both prepared people for a future world and exemplified aspects of life in the new world. Once more, there was a clear gender division, with work camps aimed almost exclusively at men. Unemplyed women were recruited into what were effectively holiday camps, to recuperate; and women in the IVS camps acted as domestic workers, while the men performed symbolically heavy manual labour.

Keywords:   Student community service, International Voluntary Service, Communitarianism, Work and masculinity, Environmentalist community, Nationalist work camps, Rolf Gardiner camps, Nazi support in Britain, Zionist movement, Woodcraft Folk camps, Grith Fyrd camps, British kibbutz settlers, David Eder farm, Women and unemployment

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