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The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policyLessons learned, lessons lost$
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Thomas R. Seitz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087509

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087509.001.0001

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Kennedy, Johnson and the USOIDP: Theory and Practice

Kennedy, Johnson and the USOIDP: Theory and Practice

(p.97) 5 Kennedy, Johnson and the USOIDP: Theory and Practice
The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policy
Manchester University Press

This chapter contrasts the Kennedy administration's approach with that of Eisenhower, examining how political culture shaped its ‘modernization’ theoretical framework and its application in developing areas in the form of the United States Overseas Internal Defence Policy, or USOIDP. The chapter also explores the implementation of the Kennedy-Johnson era approach and contrasts cases of two recipient countries. One is Indonesia, where the US had limited access to government. The other is South Vietnam, where access was almost unlimited. The USOIDP represented a broad and ambitious effort to integrate nation building and economic aid programs of the so-called ‘other war’ with military measures such as the expanded use of special operations forces, counter-insurgency and Citizens' Irregular Defense Groups or CIDG.

Keywords:   Kennedy, Johnson, modernization theory, USOIDP, Indonesia, Vietnam, counter-insurgency

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