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From Empire to ExileHistory and Memory Within the Pied-Noir and Harki Communities, 1962-2012$
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Claire Eldridge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087233

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087233.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 14 October 2019

The sounds of silence

The sounds of silence

(p.70) 2 The sounds of silence
From Empire to Exile

Claire Eldridge

Manchester University Press

Pieds-noirs were offered extensive assistance by the French state on the basis of their status as citizens. In contrast, harkis found their Frenchness repeatedly questioned, not just in cultural and social terms, but also at the political and legal level. The consequences of this were far-reaching as harkiswere subjected to an all-encompassing process of state control. This included placing many harkis and their families into camps and other institutional environments upon their arrival in France thus initiating a pattern of collectivisation, isolation and exceptional treatment that would continue for years. Lacking the necessary resources–both material and cultural - to mobilise against this treatment, the harki community sought refuge in silence. This left a space into which stepped a series of actors, including the French and Algerian governments, Muslim elites, French veterans and pied-noir activists, all of whom offered their own representations of the harkis. Collectively, these discourses created a simplified, essentialised and politicised portrait of the harki community that would endure until the mid-1970s.

Keywords:   Harkis, Silence, Camps, Muslim elites, Pieds-noirs, veterans

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