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An ethnography of English football fansCans, cops and carnivals$
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Geoff Pearson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087219

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087219.001.0001

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(p.184) 9 Conclusions
An ethnography of English football fans

Geoff Pearson

Manchester University Press

This concluding chapter revisits the idea of football fandom as carnival, noting the limitations on this ‘mode of understanding’. It looks at the future of the carnival fan groups, considering the threats and opportunities going forward for this sub-culture of football support. Finally it argues that the authorities should recognise this sub-culture and the value it brings to the wider football ‘experience’.

Keywords:   Football, Fan, Carnival, Regulation

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