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Wales since 1939$
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Martin Johnes

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780719086663

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719086663.001.0001

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‘Nationalists of Many Varieties.’ 1951–70

‘Nationalists of Many Varieties.’ 1951–70

(p.212) 8 ‘Nationalists of Many Varieties.’ 1951–70
Wales since 1939

Martin Johnes

Manchester University Press

Chapter eight explores the rise of popular Welsh nationalism in the late 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s as a response to the changing structure of Wales. It considers the direct action campaigns of the Welsh Language Society, the emergence of Welsh terrorism and the political and popular responses to the nationalist challenge. The effect of more extreme Welsh nationalism campaigns on the success of Plaid Cymru, as both a help and a hindrance, is also discussed, culminating in the party having developed a significant political base by the 1970s. The chapter shows how a new, more confident and aggressive nationalism was emerging amongst young Welsh speakers but also that it often remained marginal to the dominant strand of Welsh public opinion, as many youth campaigns tend to.

Keywords:   Nationalism, Plaid Cymru, Welsh Language Society, Terrorism, Politics, Action campaign

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