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From Victory to VichyVeterans in Interwar France$
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Chris Millington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780719085505

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719085505.001.0001

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The Union fédérale and the Union nationale des combattants: 1918–33

The Union fédérale and the Union nationale des combattants: 1918–33

(p.25) 1 The Union fédérale and the Union nationale des combattants: 1918–33
From Victory to Vichy

Chris Millington

Manchester University Press

This chapter concerns the French veterans' movement during 1918-1933. During and after the First World War, numerous associations were founded to represent ex-servicemen in France. Of these groups, two came to dominate the veterans' movement: the centre-left Union fédérale (UF) and the conservative Union nationale des combattants (UNC). In the decade following the war, the UF and UNC frequently disagreed on political issues. The UF was close to the left and sought rapprochement with Germany. The UNC, on the other hand, supported conservative governments, collaborated with the extreme right and rejected any notion of relations with the Weimar Republic. However, though divided on matters of politics, the two groups could unite in the defence of veterans' rights. This chapter explores the complicated history of the UF and the UNC during these years, exposing themes that are examined later in the book.

Keywords:   France, First World War, Veterans, Fascism, Germany, International relations

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