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Justifying violenceCommunicative ethics and the use of force in Kosovo$
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Naomi Head

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780719083075

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719083075.001.0001

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Putting out the fire while the coals still burn: Kosovo prior to 19991

Putting out the fire while the coals still burn: Kosovo prior to 19991

(p.44) 2 Putting out the fire while the coals still burn: Kosovo prior to 19991
Justifying violence

Naomi Head

Manchester University Press

The chapter challenges the essentialist ethnic assumptions which underpin some interpretations of the conflict, instead, exploring the political and social construction of ethnic tension in Kosovo. Following on from this, the chapter identifies a number of key processes and actors which contributed to the marginalisation of Kosovo between 1989-99 and thus to the development of violent conflict. This historical and contextual account highlights missed opportunities for dialogue or non-violent engagement prior to 1999 and picks up the theme of inclusion/exclusion. Set against the conventional narrative of events within the Security Council, the justification of last resort drawn on in 1998-99 to permit the shift to the use of force by NATO is problematised.

Keywords:   Ethnic identity, Non-violent resistance, Missing dialogues, Dayton Accord, Inclusion/Exclusion, Holbrooke Agreement, Security Council resolutions

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