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American Government in Ireland, 1790-1913A History of the US Consular Service$
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Bernadette Whelan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780719083013

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719083013.001.0001

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‘Oh Lord, not in my district, Amen’:* consular work in Ireland, 1790–1907

‘Oh Lord, not in my district, Amen’:* consular work in Ireland, 1790–1907

(p.54) 2 ‘Oh Lord, not in my district, Amen’:* consular work in Ireland, 1790–1907
American Government in Ireland, 1790-1913

Bernadette Whelan

Manchester University Press

The triumph of the American cause in 1783 did not signal internal political unity or stability in foreign policy. It took until 1789 for the authority of the Federalist Convention to be accepted by each state and between 1789 and 1815 the leaders struggled to keep the union intact, expand America's boundaries, and survive in the world being redefined by the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. There was little agreement between, and within, the respective federalist and anti-federalist camps as to whether America's predominant foreign relationship should be with Britain, which still controlled northern parts of its territory and which sold the US twice as many goods as it bought or, with France which acquired the Louisiana Territory from the Spanish in 1801 and purchased seven times more commodities than it traded to the US. It was in this unstable economic and political climate that US foreign representatives began to appear in European ports and that its formal involvement in Ireland was initiated. This chapter examines the administrative side to consular work, the circumstances in which US citizens came to the consul's attention, how consuls engaged with the mid-century famine crisis and their efforts to expand trade between the two countries.

Keywords:   consular work, consular service, consul, famine, Ireland

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